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Tenpô 9 (天保九年)
Timeline of 1838
- 1838/3/10 The Nishi-no-maru residence of former shogun Tokugawa Ienari and of the shogunal heir Tokugawa Iesada, within Edo castle, burns down. Reconstruction efforts on the Naka-oku and Ô-oku are given precedence over the reconstruction of the Omote areas. Kanô Seisen'in is placed in charge of overseeing the replacement of the fusuma and other interior paintings.
Other Events of 1838
- The Buke shohatto are re-promulgated.
- Chinese investiture envoys led by Lin Hongnian and Gao Renjian visit Ryûkyû.
- The ningyô jôruri adaptation of the kabuki play Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba is first performed.
- The last shogunal inspection tour of the Northeast is performed.
- Tenri-kyô is founded by Nakayama Miki.
Births and Deaths
- 1838/12/8 Ôno Uchû of the Shinsengumi is born (d. 1911).
- An official from Satsuma han resident in Ryûkyû dies. Claiming fears that the ship carrying his body home to Satsuma might go off course and be discovered by Chinese, thus revealing Satsuma's relationship with the kingdom, Ryûkyû successfully requests to bury the samurai in Ryûkyû.
- Aoyagi Makitayû is born (d. 1868).
- Art dealer Siegfried Bing is born (d. 1905).
- Gotô Shôjirô of Tosa han is born (d. 1897).
- Ichikawa Danjûrô IX is born (d. 1903).
- Kanegusuku ueekata, head of the Ryukyuan tribute mission to China, dies while in China. A planned mission to Kagoshima is delayed as a result.
- Kawai Kisaburô of the Shinsengumi is born (d. 1866).
- Matsumoto Kôshirô V dies (b. 1764).
- Edward Sylvester Morse is born (d. 1925).
- Nakajima Nobori of the Shinsengumi is born (d. 1897).
- Nakaoka Shintarô is born (d. 1867).
- Ôishi Kuwajirô of the Shinsengumi is born (d. 1870).
- Ôkuma Shigenobu is born (d. 1922).
- Takai Ranzan dies (b. 1792).
- Yamagata Aritomo is born (d. 1922).