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Keian 4 (慶安四年)
Timeline of 1651
- 1651/1/19 Shogun Tokugawa Iemitsu invites Nakamura Kanzaburô I to Edo castle.
- 1651/7/9 Matsudaira Sadamasa returns his territory to Bakufu.
- 1651/7 The Keian Uprising, a scheme to overthrow the shogunate, fails.
- 1651/8/18 Ten-year-old Tokugawa Ietsuna becomes shogun; Hoshina Masayuki is named his chief advisor.
Other Events of 1651
- A gate of the Kyoto Imperial Palace is donated to Hirano Shrine.
- Ôkura Toraaki writes his Waranbegusa.
- The shogunate begins allowing daimyô to engage in deathbed adoptions, thus dramatically enhancing the stability of the patrimony (inheritance) of domains and greatly reducing the number of attainders.
- Xie Bizhen comes to Ryûkyû, and demands the return of the royal seal granted the kingdom by the Ming Dynasty.
Births and Deaths
- 1651/1/5 Môri Hidenari, daimyô of Chôshû han, dies (b. 1595).
- 1651/3/15 Mizuno Katsushige, daimyô of Fukuyama han, dies (b. 1564).
- 1651/4/20 Tokugawa Iemitsu dies (b. 1604).
- 1651/4/20 Rôjû Hotta Masamori commits junshi seppuku (b. 1609).
- Rôjû Abe Shigetsugu dies (b. 1598).
- Engelbert Kaempfer is born (d. 1716).
- Kanô Sansetsu dies (b. 1590).
- Marubashi Chûya, leader of the Keian Uprising, is crucified along with 33 of his co-conspirators.
- Takemoto Gidayû, innovator in jôruri chanting, born (d. 1714).
- Tsuda Genba, Kaga han retainer, is born (d. 1724).
- Yui Shôsetsu (b. 1605), leader of the Keian Uprising, commits seppuku.