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Tenpô 8 (天保八年)
Timeline of 1837
- 1837/2 Ôshio Heihachirô leads a peasant rebellion in Osaka.
- 1837/4 Tokugawa Ienari officially abdicates his position as Shogun.
- 1837/6 American ship Morrison, seeking to repatriate Japanese castaways and to trade, is driven away from the ports of Uraga (near Edo) and Yamakawa in Satsuma han by cannon fire. This is the only time the 1825 Edict to Repel Foreign Vessels is put into action.
- 1837/6 Ikuta Yorozu leads a peasant rebellion in Kuwana han (Ise province).
- 1837/9/2 Tokugawa Ieyoshi succeeds his father as Shogun.
Other Events of 1837
- The Morrison arrives at Naha Port; the ship is provisioned and its crew permitted to move about the city before departing for Japan.
- Substantial repair work is done on Shuri castle.
- A Confucian temple is built in Shuri.
- Queen Victoria takes the throne of the United Kingdom.
Births and Deaths
- 1837/6/13 Arashi Rikan II dies (b. 1788).
- 1837/9/20 Abe Jûro is born.
- Itagaki Taisuke is born (d. 1919).
- Kabayama Sukenori, first Governor-General of Taiwan, is born (d. 1922).
- Painter Okuhara Seiko is born (d. 1913).
- Ôshio Heihachirô dies (b. 1793).
- Sanjô Sanetomi is born (d. 1891).
- Monk-painter Sengai dies (b. 1750).
- Painter Tomioka Tessai is born (d. 1924).