- Born: 1852
- Death: Jan. 21, 1919
- Korean: 高宗 (Gojong)
Queen Myeongseong was assassinated by Japanese terrorists in 1895. She was later posthumously named Empress, and was ultimately buried alongside Gojong in the Imperial Tombs at Hongneung.
In 1897, Gojong declared the Kingdom of Korea ended, and the beginning of the Korean Empire. Naming himself Emperor, and overseeing numerous changes to royal (now imperial) symbols, ceremonies, and court structure, he sought to place Korea on a more equal footing with Qing Dynasty China and Imperial Japan, in order to help stave off colonization.
The 40th anniversary of his reign was celebrated in 1902 with the erection of a monument which still stands in Seoul today. His son, the crown prince who would later succeed him as Emperor Sunjong, contributed his calligraphy to the monument, which celebrates both the 40 years of Gojong's reign, and his establishment of the Great Korean Empire.
|King of Joseon / Emperor of Korea
- Gallery labels, "In Grand Style" exhibition, Asian Art Museum, San Francisco.
- In Grand Style, San Francisco: Asian Art Museum (2013), xxii-xxiii.
- Plaques on-site at 40th Anniversary Monument of Gojong's Enthronement, Seoul.