Thomas Glover

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  • Born: 1841
  • Died: 1911
  • Japanese: トマス グラバー (Thomas Glover)

Thomas Glover was a Scottish trader who provided arms and assistance to the anti-Tokugawa han of Chôshû through his Nagasaki-based trading company. Sakamoto Ryoma purchased arms with funds provided by Satsuma for the venture. Glover also arranged for Japanese to study abroad in the United Kingdom, and sold Satsuma a steamship in 1863/2, adding to the British steamships purchased by the domain in late 1860, and in late 1862.[1] Operating as an agent of the Chinese-based Jardine, Matheson & Company, he competed in 1863-1864 with the American Eugene Van Reed, a merchant with the Yokohama branch of the Canton-based Augustine Heard & Company, for privileged status in trade with Satsuma.[2]


  • Hillsborough, Romulus. RYOMA- Life of a Renaissance Samurai. Ridgeback Press, 1999
  • Jansen, Marius B. Sakamoto Ryoma and the Meiji Restoration. Columbia University Press, 1994.
  1. Robert Hellyer, Defining Engagement, Harvard University Press (2009), 188, 194.
  2. Hellyer, 198.