- Japanese: 国絵図 (kuni e zu)
Kuni e zu, or "country maps," are highly detailed maps commissioned by national entities such as the Tokugawa shogunate. The shogunate ordered surveys of the archipelago on four occasions: in the Keichô (early 17th c.), Shôhô (mid-17th c.), Genroku (late 17th-early 18th c.) and Tenpô (early-mid 19th c.) eras. Prior to the Tenpô surveys, the shogunate hired Inô Tadataka to produce a series of 225 maps of the realm, which were ultimately completed and compiled in 1821 as the Dai nihon enkai yochi zenzu.
- Gallery labels, National Mùseum of Japanese History.