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Shôhô 5 (正保五年) / Keian 1 (慶安元年)
Timeline of 1648
- 1648/2 The shogunate issues a series of laws regulating commoners' behaviors.
- 1648/2/15 The Keian era begins.
Other Events of 1648
- Akô castle in Harima province is completed.
- The Peace of Westphalia ends the Thirty Years' War, and marks the emergence of the modern/Western concept of the nation-state. Spain recognizes the independence of the United Provinces of the Netherlands.
- The shogunate issues various edicts regulating the lives of commoners in Edo.
- The shogunate bans kabuki actors and dancers from engaging in homosexual activity.
- The shogunate bans screens from kabuki theatres, which had been installed to help high-ranking samurai and others visit discreetly.
- The shogunate bans yuna (bathhouse girls) and male prostitutes.
- The shogunate expands/refines sankin kôtai procedures to include obligations on the part of each daimyô's heir to pay formal visits to Edo castle as well.
Births and Deaths