- Japanese: 深川 (fukagawa)
Fukagawa is a neighborhood of Tokyo, which was home to a prominent unlicensed prostitution district during the Edo period. In addition to prostitution, the area was known particularly for its haori geisha, also known as tatsumi geisha, geisha who dressed in a masculine mode, and may have been the site of the emergence of the first female geisha in Edo (as geisha was originally a male profession).
By 1780, the Fukagawa district contained seven unlicensed areas within it.
The geisha houses & brothels did not occupy all of Fukagawa, however. The neighborhood was also home to a kakae-yashiki (secondary daimyô mansion) of the Kaga domain, and to a number of Buddhist temples; notable figures including Mamiya Rinzô and Iwai Hanshirô VI are buried in the neighborhood.
- Joshua Mostow, "Wakashu as a Third Gender and Gender Ambiguity through the Edo Period," in Mostow and Asato Ikeda (eds.), A Third Gender, Royal Ontario Museum (2016), 36.
- "Tongue in Cheek: Erotic Art in 19th-Century Japan," Honolulu Museum of Art, exhibition website, accessed 1 Dec 2014.
- Gallery labels, "Upper, Middle, and Lower Residences of Kaga Domain," National Museum of Japanese History.
- Plaques on-site at Mamiya's grave, 2-7-8 Hirano, Kôtô-ku, Tokyo.; "Iwai Hanshirô VI." Kabuki21.com.