Emperor Xiaowen

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  • Reign: 471-499
  • Chinese: 魏孝文帝 (Wèi Xiàowén dì)

Emperor Xiaowen was a ruler of the non-Chinese Northern Wei dynasty of the Tuoba people, reigning from 471 to 499, during China's Northern and Southern Dynasties Period.

He is known for his efforts to enforce the adoption of Chinese language and other aspects of Chinese culture.

His mother, Empress Dowager Wenzhou, died in 494.


  • Chia-Ying Yeh, "The Revival and Restoration of Ryukyuan Court Music, Uzagaku: Classification and Performance Techniques, Language Usage, and Transmission," PhD thesis, University of Sheffield (2018), 124.