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  • Japanese: 紅嫌絵 (beni girai e)

Beni-girai-e, literally "pictures hating red," were a style of ukiyo-e woodblock prints produced especially in the Tenmei era (1780s), in which artists experimented with effects of diffuse lighting and graduated shadow.


  • Kobayashi Tadashi and Julie Nelson Davis. "The Floating World in Light and Shadow: Ukiyo-e Paintings by Hokusai's Daughter Oi." in Carpenter, John et al (eds). Hokusai and his Age. Hotei Publishing, 2005. p99.