- Date: 815
- Japanese: 新撰姓氏録 (shinsen shoujiroku)
The Shinsen shôjiroku ("New Compilation of Family Registers") was compiled in 815, and collects records of the genealogies of the elite families. Over one third of courtier (kuge) families included in the compilation are revealed to possess at least some foreign (typically Chinese or Korean) ancestry.
- Gary Leupp, Interracial Intimacy in Japan: Western Men and Japanese Women, 1543-1900, A&C Black (2003), 52.