- Japanese: 神祇官 (jingikan)
The Jingikan was headed by a Haku (伯), who was assisted by a number of officials including the Senior Assistant Head (Daifu 大副), Junior Assistant Head (Shōbu 少副), Senior Aide (Daiyū 大佑), Junior Aide (Shōyū 少佑), and Senior Recorder (Daishi 大史). Early on, many of these posts were filled by ritual specialists from the Korean peninsula.
Among the many responsibilities held by the officials of the Jingikan was to oversee state rituals. Herman Ooms has suggested there were thirteen major annual state rituals in the classical period. Four of these concerned agriculture. These were the harvest prayers performed at Toshigoi festival (2/4), Tsukinami festival (6/11 and 12/11), and Niiname festival (11th month). The remaining state rituals included state funerals, imperial accession ceremonies, and rituals performed in order to protect the emperor, the capital, and the state from disease, fire, and evil spirits.
- Evelyn Rawski, Early Modern China and Northeast Asia: Cross-Border Perspectives, Cambridge University Press (2015), 117.