Hanshan Deqing

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Hanshan Deqing was a prominent Buddhist monk of the late Ming Dynasty, and is considered a late Chan patriarch.

He is known for devoting four years to copying a sutra in his own blood, mixed with gold, and invoking the name of Amitabha after completing each word.


  • Conrad Schirokauer, et al, A Brief History of Chinese and Japanese Civilizations, Fourth Edition, Cengage Learning (2012), 260.