Fukuba Bisei

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Fukuba Bisei was Under-Secretary in the Office of Rites in 1868, and instructor to the Meiji Emperor in matters of Shinto ceremonial. Along with Vice-Minister of Rites Kamei Koremi, he was among the chief officials responsible for the shinbutsu bunri ("separation of Buddhism and Shinto") policies.

He was an adherent of the kokugaku (Nativist) teachings of Okuni Takamasa.


  • James Ketelaar, Of Heretics and Martyrs in Meiji Japan, Princeton University Press (1991), 8.