- Died: 1636
A samurai originally from Higo province (Kumamoto), he moved to Nagasaki in 1588, and shortly afterwards began sailing to Vietnam, Thailand, and Cambodia. In 1619, he returned to Japan with a wife, a daughter of the Ruan family & adopted daughter of the King of Annam known as Wakaku or Anio in Japanese. He and Wakaku then established a trading emporium at Nagasaki. Araki is said to have flown the flag of the Dutch East India Company upside-down, an indication that he sailed under red seal licenses issued, originally, to the Dutch.
The Nagasaki Museum of History and Culture owns a Vietnamese mirror in gilded and lacquer mounting which was first brought to Japan by Wakaku as one of her personal possessions, along with a Japanese manuscript translation of an original letter from the Ruan family to Araki.
Araki and his wife are buried in Nagasaki; their gravesite at the temple of Daion-ji has been designated a city cultural property. Their half-Japanese, half-Vietnamese son is represented by one of the chigo ("sacred boys") who rides a parade float in Nagasaki's annual Kunchi festival.
- Matt Matsuda, Pacific Worlds, University of Cambridge Press (2012), 89.
- "Mirror from Vietnam, owned by lady Araki Sotaro," Virtual Collection of Asian Masterpieces, 2013.
- Geoffrey Gunn, History Without Borders: The Making of an Asian World Region, 1000-1800, Hong Kong University Press (2011), 216.