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Morishima Chûryô was a prominent writer and ''[[Rangaku]]'' scholar of the late 18th century, known as the writer of numerous popularly-published books on foreign cultures, as well as for his ''[[gesaku]]'' and ''[[kyoka|kyôka]]''.
 
Morishima Chûryô was a prominent writer and ''[[Rangaku]]'' scholar of the late 18th century, known as the writer of numerous popularly-published books on foreign cultures, as well as for his ''[[gesaku]]'' and ''[[kyoka|kyôka]]''.
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He was born into a samurai family in [[Edo]], the second son of [[Katsuragawa Hochiku]] (aka Kuninori)<!--桂川甫筑(国訓)-->. He studied the writing of ''gesaku'' (humorous literature) under [[Hiraga Gennai]], and published a number of ''gesaku'', ''[[sharebon]]'', and ''[[kibyoshi|kibyôshi]]'' under his given name, Katsuragawa Hosan, or under the pseudonym Shinra Banshô<ref>Alternate readings of these characters include Shinra Banzô or Shinra Manzô.</ref>. He became known as a ''kyôka'' poet as well, under the poetry name Takezue Nosugaru, employing the names Morishima Chûryô and Tsukiji Zenkô<ref>Timon Screech, ''Obtaining Images'', University of Hawaii Press (2012), 195.</ref> in writing and publishing his ''Rangaku'' works. Some of his most significant ''Rangaku'' publications include ''[[Komo zatsuwa|Kômô zatsuwa]]'' ("European Miscellany") published in [[1787]], ''[[Ryukyu-dan|Ryûkyû-dan]]'' (or ''Ryûkyû-banashi'', "[[Ryukyu Kingdom|Ryûkyû]] Conversation") in [[1790]], and ''[[Bango-sen]]'', a Japanese-Dutch dictionary, in [[1798]].
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He was born into a samurai family in [[Edo]], the second son of [[Katsuragawa Hochiku]] (aka Kuninori)<!--桂川甫筑(国訓)-->. He studied the writing of ''gesaku'' (humorous literature) under [[Hiraga Gennai]], and published a number of ''gesaku'', ''[[sharebon]]'', and ''[[kibyoshi|kibyôshi]]'' under his given name, Katsuragawa Hosan, or under the pseudonym Shinra Banshô<ref>Alternate readings of these characters include Shinra Banzô or Shinra Manzô.</ref>. He became known as a ''kyôka'' poet as well, under the poetry name Takezue Nosugaru, employing the names Morishima Chûryô and Tsukiji Zenkô<ref>Screech, 195.</ref> in writing and publishing his ''Rangaku'' works. Some of his most significant ''Rangaku'' publications include ''[[Komo zatsuwa|Kômô zatsuwa]]'' ("European Miscellany") published in [[1787]], ''[[Ryukyu-dan|Ryûkyû-dan]]'' (or ''Ryûkyû-banashi'', "[[Ryukyu Kingdom|Ryûkyû]] Conversation") in [[1790]], and ''[[Bango-sen]]'', a Japanese-Dutch dictionary, in [[1798]].
    
Morishima's elder brother, [[Katsuragawa Hoshu|Katsuragawa Hoshû]] (aka Kuniakira)<!--桂川甫周(国瑞)-->, served for a time as court physician to the [[Tokugawa shogunate|Tokugawa shogun]].
 
Morishima's elder brother, [[Katsuragawa Hoshu|Katsuragawa Hoshû]] (aka Kuniakira)<!--桂川甫周(国瑞)-->, served for a time as court physician to the [[Tokugawa shogunate|Tokugawa shogun]].
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