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''Jôruri'' was a narrative storytelling form, accompanied on ''[[biwa]]'', which emerged sometime after 1525, and which later evolved into the ''[[ningyo joruri|ningyô jôruri]]'' or ''bunraku'' puppet theatre of the [[Edo period]].
 
''Jôruri'' was a narrative storytelling form, accompanied on ''[[biwa]]'', which emerged sometime after 1525, and which later evolved into the ''[[ningyo joruri|ningyô jôruri]]'' or ''bunraku'' puppet theatre of the [[Edo period]].
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The form takes its name from ''Jôruri-hime monogatari'', or The Tale of Princess Jôruri, the most popular of the stories performed in this mode. The story is told in twelve acts, and features Ushiwakamaru (a young [[Minamoto no Yoshitsune]]) as the hero, and Princess Jôruri (''Jôruri hime'') as the heroine. Its author and origins are unclear.
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The form takes its name from ''Jôruri-hime monogatari'', or The Tale of Princess Jôruri, also known as ''jûnidan'' ("The Story in Twelve Parts"),<ref>Charles Dunn and Torigoe Bunzô, ''The Actors' Analects'', New York: Columbia University Press (1969), 81.</ref> the most popular of the stories performed in this mode. The story is told in twelve acts, and features Ushiwakamaru (a young [[Minamoto no Yoshitsune]]) as the hero, and Princess Jôruri (''Jôruri hime'') as the heroine. Its author and origins are unclear.
    
With the addition of puppets in the late 16th or early 17th century, the ''jôruri'' musical & narrative form developed into ''ningyô jôruri'' ("Puppet Jôruri"), a very prominent, popular, and influential Edo period theatrical form which later came to be known as Bunraku.
 
With the addition of puppets in the late 16th or early 17th century, the ''jôruri'' musical & narrative form developed into ''ningyô jôruri'' ("Puppet Jôruri"), a very prominent, popular, and influential Edo period theatrical form which later came to be known as Bunraku.
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==References==
 
==References==
 
*Andrew Tsubaki, "The Performing Arts of Sixteenth-Century Japan: A Prelude to Kabuki," ''Educational Theatre Journal'' 29:3 (1977), 304.  
 
*Andrew Tsubaki, "The Performing Arts of Sixteenth-Century Japan: A Prelude to Kabuki," ''Educational Theatre Journal'' 29:3 (1977), 304.  
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<references/>
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[[Category:Sengoku Period]]
 
[[Category:Sengoku Period]]
 
[[Category:Poetry and Theater]]
 
[[Category:Poetry and Theater]]
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