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[[File:Ryukyudan.JPG|right|thumb|400px|A page from Morishima's ''[[Ryukyu-dan|Ryûkyû-dan]]'', published [[1790]]]]
 
*''Born: [[1754]]''
 
*''Born: [[1754]]''
*''Died: [[1808]]''
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*''Died: [[1808]]/12/4''
*''Other Names'': 森羅万象 ''(Shinra Banshou, Banzou, Manzou)'', 桂川甫粲 ''(Katsuragawa Hosan)''
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*''Other Names'': 森羅万象 ''(Shinra Banshou, Banzou, Manzou)'', 桂川甫粲 ''(Katsuragawa Hosan)'', 竹杖為軽 ''(Takezue Nosugaru)''
 
*''Japanese'': 森島中良 ''(Morishima Chuuryou)''
 
*''Japanese'': 森島中良 ''(Morishima Chuuryou)''
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Morishima Chûryô was a prominent writer of the [[Edo period]], known chiefly for his popularly-published books on foreign cultures, including ''[[Komo zatsuwa|Kômô zatsuwa]]'' ("European Miscellany") published in [[1787]], ''[[Ryukyu-dan|Ryûkyû-dan]]'' (or ''Ryûkyû-banashi'', "[[Ryukyu Kingdom|Ryûkyû]] Conversation") in [[1790]], and ''[[Bango-sen]]'', a Japanese-Dutch dictionary, in [[1798]].
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Morishima Chûryô was a prominent writer and ''[[Rangaku]]'' scholar of the late 18th century, known as the writer of numerous popularly-published books on foreign cultures, as well as for his ''[[gesaku]]'' and ''[[kyoka|kyôka]]''.
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He was born into a samurai family, the second son of [[Katsuragawa Hochiku]] (aka Kuninori)<!--桂川甫筑(国訓)-->.
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He was born into a samurai family in [[Edo]], the second son of [[Katsuragawa Hochiku]] (aka Kuninori)<!--桂川甫筑(国訓)-->. He studied the writing of ''gesaku'' (humorous literature) under [[Hiraga Gennai]], and published a number of ''gesaku'', ''[[sharebon]]'', and ''[[kibyoshi|kibyôshi]]'' under his given name, Katsuragawa Hosan, or under the pseudonym Shinra Banshô<ref>Alternate readings of these characters include Shinra Banzô or Shinra Manzô.</ref>. He became known as a ''kyôka'' poet as well, under the poetry name Takezue Nosugaru, employing the name Morishima Chûryô in writing and publishing his ''Rangaku'' works. Some of his most significant ''Rangaku'' publications include ''[[Komo zatsuwa|Kômô zatsuwa]]'' ("European Miscellany") published in [[1787]], ''[[Ryukyu-dan|Ryûkyû-dan]]'' (or ''Ryûkyû-banashi'', "[[Ryukyu Kingdom|Ryûkyû]] Conversation") in [[1790]], and ''[[Bango-sen]]'', a Japanese-Dutch dictionary, in [[1798]].
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His elder brother, [[Katsuragawa Hoshu|Katsuragawa Hoshû]] (aka Kuniakira)<!--桂川甫周(国瑞)-->, served for a time as court physician to the [[Tokugawa shogunate|Tokugawa shogun]].
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Morishima's elder brother, [[Katsuragawa Hoshu IV|Katsuragawa Hoshû IV]] (aka Kuniakira)<!--桂川甫周(国瑞)-->, served for a time as court physician to the [[Tokugawa shogunate|Tokugawa shogun]].
 
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1754-1809* 江戸時代中期-後期の蘭学者,戯作(げさく)者。
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宝暦4年生まれ。桂川甫筑(国訓(くにのり))の次男。桂川甫周(国瑞(くにあきら))の弟。蘭学にしたしみ,「蛮語箋」などをあらわす。戯作は平賀源内にまなび,洒落(しゃれ)本「真女意題(しんめいだい)」や黄表紙「従夫以来記(それからいらいき)」などをかいた。文化5年12月4日死去。55歳。江戸出身。本名は森島中良。字(あざな)は虞臣(やすおみ)。号は桂林,万象亭など。戯号は森羅万象など。
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(1754~1808) 江戸後期の狂歌師・戯作者。本名森島中良,のち桂川甫斎。字(あざな)は甫粲(ほさん)。通称,万蔵。別号万象(まんぞう)亭・二世風来山人など。狂号竹杖為軽(たけづえのすがる)。四代桂川甫周(ほしゆう)の弟。蘭学を好み平賀源内に師事。読本・黄表紙・狂歌の作者として健筆をふるった。著「田舎芝居」「従夫以来記(それからいらいき)」など。しんらまんぞう。
      
==References==
 
==References==
 
*Timon Screech, ''Obtaining Images'', University of Hawaii Press (2012), 319.
 
*Timon Screech, ''Obtaining Images'', University of Hawaii Press (2012), 319.
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*"[http://kotobank.jp/word/%E6%A1%82%E5%B7%9D%E7%94%AB%E7%B2%B2?dic=nihonjinmei Katsuragawa Hosan]," ''Digital-ban Nihon jinmei daijiten'' デジタル版 日本人名大辞典, Kodansha, 2009.
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*"[http://kotobank.jp/word/%E6%A3%AE%E7%BE%85%E4%B8%87%E8%B1%A1?dic=daijirin Shinra Banshô]," ''Daijirin'' 大辞林, Sanseido Ltd.
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<references/>
    
[[Category:Edo Period]]
 
[[Category:Edo Period]]
 
[[Category:Samurai]]
 
[[Category:Samurai]]
 
[[Category:Scholars and Philosophers]]
 
[[Category:Scholars and Philosophers]]
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