An English navigator who settled in Japan. He is now famous as the prototype of James Clavell's quasi-historical novel Shogun.
He was pilot of the Dutch ship Liefde which arrived at Bungo Province in Kyushu on April 19, 1600. By the order of Ieyasu, then the chief senior counsellor, Adams was brought to Osaka as representative of the ship. He had an interview with Ieyasu on May 12 (1600/3/29)[see note], and apparently favorably impressed him. Adams served Ieyasu in a number of fields, even building him an 8-ton European-style boat. He also served as interpreter and as an agent for the Dutch and English companies. In the same way Adams played a role of no small importance in shaping the position of the bakufu towards Spain, Portugal and the Catholic Church.
Adams dreamed of returning to England, but the government would not let him. He became a hatamoto and was given land in the Miura Henmi 三浦逸見 district of Sagami Province, and so was called Miura Anjin (三浦按針), Anjin meaning "pilot." Though he was married, he also married a Japanese woman. He died of illness in Hirado in Hizen Province (the Dutch, English, and Portuguese all had establishments there) in 1620. There is a grave in Henmi (now Yokosuka City) said to be his.
There is a marker on the site of his Edo (now Tokyo) mansion; the address is Chûô-ku, Nihon Bashi Muro-machi 1-10-8. Unlil the beginning of the Showa Period, however, the area was called "Anjin-chô"; there is still an "Anjin-dôri (street)." There is an annual holiday in his honor in Itô of Shizuoka Prefecture.
[Note: 1600/3/29 assumes Adams used the Gregorian calendar of his Dutch ship. If he as an Englishman used the Julian calendar, the date would have been 1600/4/10.]