- Japanese: 宇都宮家 (Utsunomiya-ke)
The origins of the Utsunomiya of Shimotsuke are somewhat vague but the first to adopt that name was Utsunomiya Munetsuna. The Utsunomiya supported the Southern Court in the early Muromachi Period but eventually submitted to the Ashikaga. In the 1380's they became involved in a dispute with the Oyama family that escalated into the Oyama no Ran. They were weakened in the Sengoku Period by outside perils and came to rely first on the Yûki and later the Satake. They lost their lands to Hideyoshi in 1597 and with the death of Kunitsuna in 1607 drifted into obscurity.
- Initial text from Sengoku Biographical Dictionary (Samurai-Archives.com) FWSeal & CEWest, 2005