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Ôban 大判 can also refer to a type of coin. See currency.
  • Japanese: 大番 (ooban)

The Ôban, or "Great Guard," was one of the three chief shogunate guard forces in the Edo period. While the koshôgumi and shoinban oversaw the defense of Edo castle and of the shogun's person, the Ôban oversaw the defenses of Nijô and Osaka castles.


  • Arai Hakuseki, Joyce Ackroyd (trans.), Told Round a Brushwood Fire, University of Tokyo Press (1979), 322.
  • Mitani Hiroshi, David Noble (trans.), Escape from Impasse, International House of Japan (2006), xxx.