Following the Restoration, he was one of a number of figures, alongside Saigô Takamori, Ôyama Tsunayoshi, and others, who received shôtenroku stipends from the Meiji government as a reward for their involvement in bringing about the Restoration. He was granted the rank of Major General (shôshô) in the Imperial Japanese Army in 1871, but resigned from the military two years later and returned to Kagoshima.
He fought in the Satsuma Rebellion as commander-in-chief (sôshikikan) of the Satsuma forces, and was killed in the battle of Iwasakidani on Sept 24, 1877, just outside the grounds of Kagoshima castle.
- Plaques on-site at the Nanshû Cemetery, Kagoshima.
- Plaques on-site at Terukuni Shrine.