TOYOTOMI HIDEYOSHI

From the Osaka jochu kabegaki

[The Wall Writings of Ôsaka Castle] 1595

 

(Note: While not strictly a 'House code', the Wall Writings of Osaka Castle, intended for the realm's daimyo, demonstrates that the basic concepts and presentation of daimyô law remained the same even as the Sengoku period ended.)

  • Greater and lesser lords are strictly prohibited from entering deliberately into contracts and from signing oaths and the like.

  • If there is a fight or quarrel, the one who exercises forbearance will be favored.1

  • Those who have permission to ride in palanquins are [Tokugawa] Ieyasu, [Meada] Toshiie, [Uesugi] Kagekatsu, [Mori] Terumoto, [Kobayakawa] Takekage, elderly court nobles, venerable and high-ranking monks. As for others, even daimyo-if young-should ride on horseback. Those fifty years of age or more have permission to ride in simple palanquins if the journey is at least on ri. Those who are ill also have permission to ride in simple palanquins.

  • Concerning the management of fiefs throughout the country: after the crops have been inspected, the lord should take two-thirds and the farmer one-third. In any case, orders should be issued which will ensure that the fields do not become devastated.

  • One of lesser status may keep, in addition to his principal wife, one handmaid, but he should not maintain a separate house. Even one of greater status should not exceed one or two concubines.

  • Conform to the limitations of your fief; in all things your actions should be [consistent with your standing].

    1.He presumably refers to personal disputes among the daimyô, rather than either war or a brawl between common samurai.